Periodontal Diseases

Periodontal disease attacks the gums around the tooth.

It can also attack the bone holding the tooth and trigger a tooth’s loss if it is not treated.

In periodontal diseases, bacteria has destroyed the bone. Tartar has been created on and under the gum, maintaining inflammation so the gum cannot stick back to the root. Along the tooth, an empty pocket has been created, providing habitat for bacteria to grow and maintain the receding of gums.


Teeth will become unstable due to the receding of gums, until they eventually fall off. The evolution can be surreptitious, since it happens with no or very little pain, over several years. There are very few clear and visible signs. We cannot stop the evolution unless the appropriate treatment is applied.

The 7 signs of periodontal diseases:

  • Red and swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Spaces become apparent between teeth
  • One or several teeth begin to move
  • Diffuse pain and discomfort.
  • Modification in the teeth’s positioning

These signs are not always all present at a given time. It all depends on the progression stage.

Causes for periodontal diseases

Every day, an invisible layer sticks to the teeth. This plaque contains the bacteria responsible for the periodontal disease. With time, the plaque mineralises and tartar is attached to it.

Aggravating considerations

  • General considerations: it could be a genetic factor.
  • Local considerations: inaccurate knowledge of dental care techniques, inappropriate daily care, bad teeth position, stress, general diseases, tobacco…

How to treat ?

No matter how advanced the disease is, it is always possible to cure it.

In order to leave nothing to chance, our practitioners in the dental offices of Lille and Hardelot carry out a periodontal assessment directly at the offices. This assessment makes it possible to make an inventory of what is hidden under your gum tissue using samples observed under a microscope.

After having studied, with you, the results of this assessment, a basic treatment to be carried out jointly at home and at the office will be set up.